Diabetes seems to be a topic of discussion in todays society with citizens obtaining this disease from insulin resistance, bad eating, exercise habits, or from large amounts of beta cells loss in the pancreas. As we notice the steady increase in obtaining diabetes, citizens get perplexed about the different concepts of type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. One is curable by exercising and consuming healthier food products, while there is no cure for type 1 diabetics. Their only option to control the disease is by monitoring their glucose blood level to minimize the complications of symptoms that include kidney failure, blindness, nerve damage, heart attack, and an increased rate of stroke.
In a recent article, conducted by the American Diabetes Association, Type 2 diabetes is the most predominant type of diabetes in America. Formerly called adult-onset diabetes this form articulates about 90 to 95% of people in America. Type 2 diabetics pancreas makes the hormone insulin, but their cells don’t use the insulin properly. This form of diabetes is associated with excess weight, physical inactivity, family history of diabetes, and previous history of gestational diabetes. This rarity form of diabetes can occur during pregnancy when the hormones produced during pregnancy increase the amount of insulin needed to have normal blood glucose levels. If their bodies can’t process this increase of insulin, women can develop gestational diabetes during the third term stage. Symptoms that patients might experience align with being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes include: weariness, frequent urination, unusual thirst, weight loss, blurred vision, asymptomatic as signs of warning to take precautions. Diabetics that suffer from type 2 still manage to produce insulin from their pancreas allowing for far less severe symptoms when compared with, type 1 patients who produce little to no insulin from the beta cells that reside in the islets of the Langerhans located in the pancreas.
Type 1 diabetics bodies differ from their counterparts largely due to the immune systems attack that happens within their pancreas. Unaware of what causes this to happen scientists know that the pancreas views the insulin-produced as foreign to the body and destroys them causing a “autoimmune attack”. This immune system attack can occur from anything in the environment, and like a virus your body tells the autoantibodies to go after the pancreas and attack. The autoantibodies attack on the beta cells can also occur from genetic factors; but type 1 diabetes has no connection with diet or lifestyle. Once you are diagnosed as a type 1 diabetic there is no cure just lifelong treatment.
The Juvenile Diabetes Research foundation recently published a report proclaiming that type 1 patients must be careful when they balance their doses of insulin injections(or infusion pumps). Most patients have set time frames that they check themselves with their handheld blood glucose monitoring system to determine if they need to eat, drink some juice, or take extra medicine. How much insulin the patient might need can be determined by the type of insulin available for the patient. There are several types of insulin available on todays market with different purposes,“Rapid-acting starts to work in about 15 minutes. It peaks around 1 hour after you take it and continues to work for 2 to 4 hours. Regular or short-acting gets to work in about 30 minutes. It peaks between 2 and 3 hours and keeps working for 3 to 6 hours. Intermediate-acting wont get into your bloodstream for 2 to 4 hours after injection. It peaks from 4 to 12 hours and works for 12 to 18 hours. Long-acting takes several hours to get into your system and lasts for about 24 hours”(Micheal Dansinger, MD). My father takes a mixture of regular and long-acting insulin that is 70/30 mixture, 70 is the percent regular and 30 is the percent long-acting. He takes this because when he was first diagnosed as being diabetic the doctor offered this combination prescription for its ease of use and insulin mixture. Since then my father has tried taking only the regular option in hopes of going on an insulin pump which offers ease of use, however the switch in insulin mixture resulted in other complications that outweighed changing his prescription.
My father being a type 1 diabetic depends on insulin for the last 30 years of his life, and its the one thing that keeps him alive today. This medical insulin has allowed me to see him everyday. My dad has always been on top of monitoring his blood-glucose level and makes sure that its at the normal range(100-120mg/dl) while not going over this level because he could end up with hyperglycemia which leads to comas if untreated. On the opposite end of the spectrum if your blood sugar level goes below 100 mg/dl you can attract hypoglycemia which can causes seizures or unconsciousness if left unnoticed.
Another concern of diabetes is how folks will perceive themselves. In fact my father didn’t let my mother know he was diabetic until a couple of months after they had been dating because he wasn’t sure how she would take the news. The good news is she wasn’t fazed by his diabetes and wanted to learn everything she possibly could about the disease so if anything would happen she would know what to do.